Molecular dating and biogeography of fig pollinating wasps
For the species commonly known as the "ficus tree", see Ficus benjamina.
For the genus of sea snails, see Ficus (gastropod). For the fruit of these trees, see Common fig.) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.
The reconstruction of ancestral areas suggests that the most recent common ancestor of all extant fig-pollinating wasps was most likely Asian, although a southern Gondwana origin cannot be rejected.
Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which utilizes wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination.
Further data on the presence of hemocyanin in the larval stages of Plecoptera species.
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 39(3): 189-197.
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Figs and fig-pollinating wasps are obligate mutualists that have coevolved for over 60 million years.